The discussion delves on argument about true leadership. A ruler must emulate certain traits for effective control of the subjects. Two great heroes of the ancient times play critical roles in the description of the point of discussion. What appear common between them roles on their philosophical attributes that draw attention on the aspect of true leadership. Pindar emerged as great lyrical poet in the ancient Greek. He dates between the periods of 518 to 438 BC. His poems described the aspirations, victory and various challenges that befall the ancient Greece. His description of the real victory as a leader relies on the ability of demonstrating generosity. As one of the Greek heroes, he acquired basic education from one of the greatest institutions in Athens. His main interest vested on games and many of his poetic writings focused on the Olympic Games. He was an aristocratic leader and his leadership faced many controversies due to his conservative nature. 


The other leader well described emerged from the Roman Empire. The history of the Roman Empire dates back in 161 AD under the rule of Marcus Aurelius.The Empire faced several challenges including diseases, constant combats from their territorial enemies, pestilence, and the earthquakes. In addition, the empire experienced starvation and barbarian tribal communities who tempered with the settlement of other members of the society. As a philosopher, Marcus made a resolve in life that difficulties experienced in existence would not make him miserable. He emerged to be the perfect choice of the people to help in tackling these societal problems. As one of the soldiers in the Roman Empire, he portrayed the servant leadership and a successful leader.


Pindar’s poem positions him as one of the players of pan-Hellenic function. He points as this trait through description of victory most importantly in the field of political contests. Various derivatives describe his traits. A clear analysis of some of his literary work vests on leadership as  a character in an individual but not the mere winning of an election contest.


In his poems, Pindar attributes leadership as not by winning the context but by demonstrating great ability to lead the people. According to him, the winning of leadership contest form a smaller portion of what leadership entails. A leader, therefore, must demonstrate diverse leadership traits in a bid to gain the legendary recognition even in the later generations. A perfect much for a true leader according to him encompass, kindness, the social, physical and spiritual makeup of one termed as a leader. The victory as emulated through celebrations ought to provide a clear path on what the true leadership entails. Through victory, one assumes the owner to bestow all the powers to the subjects need.


He relates the political leadership with the Olympic contests. Just as an athlete receives honor and appreciation, so do the leaders. Pindar attributes victory as from the Almighty and that one should embrace it with the spiritual aspects rather than expecting material rewards. Just the same, way the athlete uses the natural gift then winning a contest have the same view. They both share effort as many resources, both time and finances often must be fully exploited.


The book is motivational manual to self-harmony. It tends to invoke the message of peace with intent to instill a sense of peace among people. He points to the importance of pain endurance in an event of real suffering. In fact, he posits that in the universe, nothing happens to humanity beyond their scope of endurance. According to him, anybody should embrace suffering as part of the milestone in life. He advocates perseverance and readily scorns retaliation as against the basic life journey to harmony. Instead, humanity should appreciate whatever that comes their way and learn the very best and positive ways of handling them.  


In his book that embraced a Stoic system, he outlines two major things. These include those factors amidst us that we have the ability to control and those we cannot manage and influence. Our dislikes, opinions, desire together with affection tend to be in our line of control. These form a manifestation of our feelings and attitudes to what the universe holds. Those not in our position to control include health status, honor and wealth. In his writings, he advises us to act wisely and help manage the desires and other things we are in a position to control. He adds that the universe governed by the Devine Providence follows the Greek value of moderation. 


Despite the nature of the universe having the aspects of harshness, humanity must strive to live in harmony. He postulates that the universe as the planet should stand out as a point of great cohesion among the different beings. However, in a bid to seek peace and harmony, a human being experiences many challenges. These challenges need appropriate solutions to deter the possibility of violence.


He advocates for the spiritual nourishment through meditation. As a personal development strategy, meditation rebuilds confidence by creating a sense of realistic thinking. Though mistaken by prayer, it emphasizes on the spiritual rejuvenation. A vital component of human growth and development borrows a leaf through meditation. Marcus views meditation as a point of reflection and memory recap. The progress on the human development depends on their spiritual belief.  Meditation arouses the spiritual belief in an individual, and this enhances a feeling of relief. Therefore, meditation as a whole helps individuals to reconnect with their inner conscience. How the meditation will develop, humanity depends on the significant attachments one holds in life. Marcus clearly outlines that there is nothing new as to the life stages of development and that everything that happens to an individual must have occurred to somebody somewhere at one time. The life stages of development include getting married, bringing up children, developing illnesses, death, being in a war combat, participating in farming, and boasting. Moreover, other life experiences involved meeting people with various traits amongst them being people not trustworthy and others who ridicule their fellow being.


The general aspect of life encompasses appreciating life no matter what one goes through. As much as all that the universe holds encountered by humanity, then one ought to take appropriate steps most to tackle the challenges. One should not complain as to why the current circumstance is selective to them and wonder why only they that face trouble. Everybody, regardless of gender, age and social status have an encounter where life pushes them to their limits. We cannot change the circumstances of the situation amidst us, but all we can do is to change our attitude and perception of what we face. Attitude rekindles our understanding and, therefore, provides a better platform on seeking the appropriate solution to the troubles we have. Also, the number of times we tend to interact with humanity the more problems we find in them. Undertaking social profiling in people has nothing in creating harmony in that we do not have the ability to change the upbringing of people and their feeling of us. Instead, our attitude and perception towards them are the important beat.  Life as whole is not a bed of roses being that the every aspect of it comes with hurdles of their kind. How we handle these hurdles is what will make life seem interesting.


Human beings form part of the unique creatures on earth. Their main reason for creation by the Almighty tested on their ability to help in providing amicable solutions to the world’s problem. The moment we begin to complain and whine, it does not help solve any crises. Marcus advocates for complete acceptance of the challenges of the universe. Instead of sitting back and complaining at your comfort zone, then solutions to this problem could be the best alternative.


He scorns at individuals fear of death. Human beings are immortal and at one time one will cease to exist. Marcus reflects it as one of the natural life processes that every living organism undergoes. Death knows no boundaries of age, gender and social class.  In the end, everybody under the sun will bow down to the grave. It does not matter the age of death, as the death of an individual will not interfere with any aspect of the development of the world. The aspects of immortality create a unique scenario in that doctors, celebrities, leaders, and the rest of the people in the society all lay in a grave at one time where they become neighbors. This confirms human life as very brief for the moment one stays on earth. Marcus opposes the common practice of humanity where they feign death as a very worst happening that ever befall humankind. Instead, he advises us to embrace death and welcome it with the both hands, as a way of previous release of the old and ushering in the new.


Among the major teachings of Marcus insists that human virtue is the important determinant of the real happiness in life. He quotes that “virtue is its reward” meaning that one reaps from virtue if the later attempts to practice it. He points that intellect defines the character in humanity. According to him, the universe is insufficient being that one defined by the materialistic possession and fate. This has brought about the rise of the social classes since one not having enough materials categorized as poor while those with disposables categorized as rich. 


Humanity has all the privileges to select an appropriate and morally accepted path in life. It is the responsibility to create the human as a perfect place to allow harmony to prevail. Everything beneath the earth is pretty and subject to vanishing. Our value of the earthly materials as Marcus posits negatively subjects’ humanity as being deterministic. In the eternity, none of these materials form part of the requirement and, therefore, creates a spiritual gap with the creator. To him, a peaceful mind occurs when an individual focuses on the one above who we bear all our existence.


Human beings have a moral responsibility of being the caretaker of their fellow being. They, therefore, must take care of their fellow being, and these are the avenues to create a peaceful environment. Every human being owes their existence to each other unless they learn to tolerate with them regardless of their characters. Alternatively, clear instructions that tend to speak against unacceptable human virtues should take center-stage to those suspected of dubious traits.


In his line of thought, Marcus passes inspiration messages.  Every individual must do his or her duties with utmost diligence and passion. In every conduct, one should strive to achieve the best from the activity. This earns reputation and respect. There is nothing as wrong as being in the state of good health but failing to do work. 

The Role of Pride

As leaders, Pindar and Marcus pass a clear message of attributes one must possess. His advice leads to stunning arrogance.  One should refrain from unnecessary options that permit anger particular to people who have questionable behaviors. Moreover, uprightness in character creates a well-rounded individual. He advocates for co-operation with other people in the society being that no man can survive on its own. We, therefore, need the support of relatives and friends as we traverse in the life endeavors. Al that defines humanity based on their ability to cooperate with other fellow beings.

Marcus further explains that every aspect of the universe has a significant purpose. From the trees to horse that surround as, all have a meaning to our development. Our role will mean developing and utilizing out of the best of what we have. As the human being, we are distinct from other creatures and in so doing, our illusion thinking develops into a reality.


In a bid to discern pride, Marcus reminds us that to remember as an individual is somewhat good for nothing. Fame in the society just earns one pride but cannot alter the activities of the universe. In essence, pride is a product of personal recognition.  Nonetheless, the ambitious mind may prompt one to do what contradicts the principle of moral livelihood. It may lead to vices such as theft, being unjust and corruption as one driven by greed and not the upright mind thinking. He discerns ambitious mind so that we connect with fellow human being as a way of creating harmony.


In conclusion, Marcus and Pindar provide a reflection on the basic principle that creates harmony and peace in the world. Their messages precisely explain the true leadership attributes and the way individuals ought to live in harmony. With precise description, he comments negatively on emotions, ambition and inability to understand as among the vices that create disequilibrium in the societal organization. As an Emperor in Rome, his leadership was highly appreciated. He further reminds us of all the aspects of the universe that appear controllable and those without our control. In his statement, we should take control of our feelings and attitudes towards our fellow being and all creatures on the other. Pindar readily highlights generosity in leadership and scorns pride in especially after the leader wins a contents. He reminds us that winning a contest do not play a critical role but the ability to demonstrate active leadership determines a lot. Moreover, Pindar reminds us in upholding self-control particular in demonstrating victory.