Writing an enduring issues essay is an essential part of the NYS Regent Exam in Global History and Geography. Since this assignment is not typical, many students get stuck when working on it. If your professor asked you to write an enduring issues essay, you have to familiarize yourself with the characteristic peculiarities of this task. To write this paper successfully, you have to be aware of the particular enduring issues and have excellent analytical skills. If you lack sufficient expertise and writing experience, you can take advantage of reading our guide.

No matter what degree you are pursuing, you may have to write an enduring issues essay. This assignment aims to enhance your critical thinking, as well as your comprehension of the subject. So, how to create a high-quality essay? Read our article and you will get many handy suggestions that will turn the writing process into an enjoyable experience.

What Are Enduring Issues?

Before we help you understand how to structure and format your paper, let us familiarize you with the nature of the subject. So, what is an enduring issue?

Basically, it is a historically significant challenge that has evolved over time and was addressed in different ways. In your paper, you need to investigate this challenge from different perspectives by studying credible and accurate sources. Based on historical documents, you will need to do the following:

  • Determine the particular aspect;
  • Define whether the chosen aspect is important;
  • Develop your argumentation on at least three credible documents;
  • Explain the main causes and consequences of the aspect chosen;
  • Explain how the aspect has evolved over time.

List of Enduring Issues

If you are unsure what subject to choose for writing your paper, you may find the enduring issues list below. This list will help you boost our creativity and select an appropriate topic:

  • Power;
  • Inequality;
  • Race;
  • Cybercrime;
  • Scarcity;
  • Environmental impacts;
  • Cooperation;
  • Religious extremism;
  • Innovation.

Also, you may look for well-written examples of enduring issues essays available online. However, you are not allowed to copy-paste any ideas from outside sources without mentioning their authorship. Most probably, your professor has access to sophisticated plagiarism-detection software. Thus, your essay is to be completely authentic and original.

Writing an Enduring Issue Essay: Introduction

To write a high-quality paper, you need to consider the following points:

  • Identify the aspect that is worth in-depth investigation;
  • Build a strong argument about how the particular aspect affects people;
  • Make sure to analyze the issue from different perspectives instead of merely describing it;
  • Support your arguments with appropriate examples;
  • Organize your ideas in a logical order.

As you can see, the basic requirements for writing such a paper are similar to the requirements for writing other academic documents. At the same time, this type of academic writing has its specific features and you need to be aware of them.

How to Write an Enduring Issues Essay?

The process of writing such a paper is to begin with the question “What current issues and enduring questions do I know?” As soon as you know what you are going to write about, you will need to formulate a good thesis for your work. Please note that your thesis statement is very important since it is the central idea of your essay. Then, you need to create an outline that will include all the ideas that will be developed in your write-up. Also, you may try to find a good enduring issues essay example that will serve as your source of inspiration. Below, you will find a typical enduring issues essay outline that will help you write a well-organized paper.

Introduction. In the opening part, you need to captivate the attention of your reader and help them find out what your paper is about. Also, your enduring issues essay introduction may include appropriate background information that will explain your thesis statement.

Body. In the main body of your paper, you need to investigate the aspect chosen from different angles from its historical perspective. When providing some evidence to back up your arguments, do not forget to cite it. Consider that all of the ideas you include in your paper ought to be developed smoothly and logically. Otherwise, you will confuse your reader.

Conclusion. In the conclusion for enduring issue essay, you need to summarize your ideas. Pay attention that you are to avoid adding new points to your conclusion.

Enduring Issues Essay Prompt

To make your essay look great, you need to follow the professor`s instructions precisely. Most probably, you will receive a prompt with clear guidelines for writing your essay. Your task is to understand these requirements and make your essay correspond to them. Find some other tips to consider:

  • Make sure to choose an aspect wisely;
  • Develop a chart to help you explain the extent of its implications;
  • Follow the rubric provided by your teacher;
  • Support your arguments with credible academic sources;
  • Create a strong conclusion that will make a good impression on your target audience;
  • Proofread your paper before submitting it.

Enduring Issues Essay Example

After you submit your paper, your professor will check it for clarity, the accuracy of ideas, structure, etc. If you are unsure what your essay is to look like, you may check out our enduring issues essay sample. This document will help you find out how your own paper is to be written.

Industrialization that has happened between the 19th and 20th centuries was marked by the advancements in the manufacturing sectors and the increased adaption of the already existing technologies by cities. The process involved the shifting of the economies from being highly or entirely dependent on agriculture to embracing the manufacturing and production of different goods. Therefore, industrialization had major positive effects on nations. However, its disastrous consequences outweighed the pros. The Industrial Revolution between these two centuries majorly contributed to wars, imperialism, and poor working conditions.

Military conflicts were among the major effects of the industrialization. For example, it led to the World War I, World War II, and other conflicts owing to the militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism. Militarism was caused by the advancement in the production of warships, planes, and vehicles. Other inventions that contributed to militarism included choline gas, movable machine guns, zeppelins, as well as torpedoes. Such advancements aggravated the need to defend the national interests through military struggles. During the Industrial Revolution, the use of force to secure political and economic interests was the norm. Later, it led to imperialism, where one countries started to acquire and exploit other nations. It allowed them to get cheap labor and raw materials as well as a ready market for their finished goods. By 1914, the British Empire had expanded to over 25% of the world, with over 400 million people being under it. Moreover, different European nations had various colonies. It has sparked the rivalry between the nations, thus resulting in the World War I. On the other hand, the results of industrialization, such as the enhanced transportation, improved standards of living, as well as urbanization, have led to nationalism. Lastly, the alliances were formed due to the construction of rails, manufacturing of ships and chemicals, as well as the improved steel production and coal mining. Such unions were military pacts made by nations in order to control competition. If one nation has acted against another one, then it was a breeding ground for war.

European countries were the most affected by the World War I. For instance, Germany witnessed a high inflation as a result of having to pay the war reparations. Additionally, due to the fall of the major monarchies in Europe, Germany, Russia, Turkey, and Austria-Hungary were left in a major debt crisis. On the other hand, the USA became the leading superpower. Besides, its counterparts were busy investing in reparations after the war, hence leaving it to become the industrial leader and the largest lender in the world. In East Asia, China was the most affected by the World War I. Towards the end of the conflict, Germany had to surrender, thus giving up its colonies in this nation. Although China did not like being colonized by Germans, they certainly were at a great loss since they became under the Japanese rule, the territory’s biggest enemy. In other regions, such as Sub-Saharan Africa, the exploitation of resources increased due to the World War I. Furthermore, the colonizers required these supplies to fuel the war. Apart from that, when the European powers ended the conflict, the African nations began to question their leadership, thus resulting in the fight for independence.

Another major consequence of the Industrial Revolution was the imperialism. The latter refers to the process when one country expands its territory to uninhabited areas through the use of military conquest or economic as well as political compulsion. Industrialization led to imperialism, as it allowed some areas of the world, such as Europe, to gain new sources of cheaper raw materials. Besides, as industrialization advanced, many factories were organized, and they required the additional raw materials. In addition, with the increased number of goods produced by these countries, they needed a ready market where they could sell their commodities. Therefore, the industrialized countries conquered more colonies, as they were sure that they would have secured their trade. Furthermore, all they had to do was to enforce the citizens of these states to only buy finished products from them. Lastly, the improved telecommunication technologies allowed these powers to manage vast areas that they had conquered by the use of the superior military technologies fostered by industrialization. While the steamboats allowed Europeans to access Africa, the railway road construction enabled the United States to explore the Americas. Such approach allowed imperial powers to improve their economies by getting cheap materials. For example, Europe got the materials that the country did not have, including cotton from Egypt and India, silk from China, and additional workers from East Africa. The United States of America, on the other hand, benefitted from imperialism through the acceleration of the trade. Besides, its trade network allowed it to get an access to Asia, Puerto Rico, and Cuba that have demanded for manufactured products. Conversely, the effects of imperialism on colonies were mostly negative. It led to violence against the indigenous people and depopulation. For example, in Africa, the very many people died during the movements of people from different regions to Europe and the US. Moreover, these individuals were exposed to very harsh living conditions which worsened their health and led to their death. China, on the other hand, has lost a big percentage of its population during the opium wars that were sparked by imperialism. The consequences for this state were severe, as the country was forced to start its development from the beginning. Apart from that, the assimilation of new culture led to the loss of faith in the Qing Dynasty in China.Imperialism also destroyed indigenous culture and led to the assimilation of other behaviors. The result was a rise in internal conflicts. For example, cultural changes caused by the European powers led to the genocide of Tutsi and Hutu, where thousands were killed and even more displaced.

Lastly, the Industrial Revolution of the 19th and 20th centuries resulted in the deterioration of working conditions. During the process, the working people made up 80% of the whole population. The workers had little power in decision-making regarding their working conditions or salary. Besides, they had been forced to make the protests after the landowners started to enclose their lands. The fact that there were so many of them led to massive unemployment and gave the employers bargaining power. Additionally, the skilled labor became useless, as such people could not compete with the advanced machinery. Therefore, despite their skills, the experienced individuals ended up starving, while others opted for the low-paying jobs meant for unskilled persons.

In the United States of America, many employees were unskilled. It led to a capital-intensive economy fostered by industrialization. As a result, the living conditions of many skilled employees worsened. Apart from that, the laborers had to work under unsafe environments. For example, a fire broke out in the Triangle Factory in New York, thus resulting in the death of more than 140 people. Such persons went from living as middle class to starving due to the lack of jobs. On the other hand, the working conditions of the skilled population in England improved owing to the increased appreciation of a labor-intensive population geared by industrialization and the availability of artisans. Therefore, the skilled laborers received better wages, hence improving their social status. In South Africa, industrialization attracted foreign capital, which had identified the numerous valuable resources in that land. Due to greed, the foreigners wanted to ensure that they would have the territories to provide cheap labor. Therefore, they developed discriminatory rules and practices that ensure that the workers had a very low bargaining power. Child labor also emerged, where children under the age of 14 years were forced to work in mines. In Latin America, poor Europeans performed their duties in harsh conditions.

Industrialization, in some ways, brought positive changes. It improved the health standards of people. For example, the Western medicine was introduced to treat illnesses that could not be cured with traditional drugs. However, even in the presence of these positive impacts, there was always a problem. For example, even if industrialization led to the improvement of the health standards in Africa, it came at the cost of labor and the exploitation of resources. Therefore, industrialization, for most nations, was mostly negative than positive.

The industrialization of the 19th and 20th centuries played a big role in shaping the world’s history. Its effects are evident in the modern days. Although industrialization led to civilization and the improvement of health, its negative effects outweighed all the pros. The Industrial Revolution was the onset of many wars and led to imperialism, which was caused by the need to acquire territories and protect national political and economic interest. Apart from that, industrialization led to the deterioration of living and working standards, as there were many workers who required the jobs, and only the most skilled got them. It has paved the way for exploitation since the workers had a very low bargaining power.

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